Publishing is the ultimate way of presenting the results of original scientific endeavours and discoveries to the outside world and thus contribute to the body of knowledge. Authorship is a researcher’s main instrument to gain credit for scientific work, and it represents a benchmark for scientific status, sometimes with far-reaching personal implications.
This chapter is based on the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals drawn up by the International Committee of Medical Journals Editors (ICMJE). The AMC and the VUmc endorse these requirements. All persons designated as authors should fulfil the requirements for authorship, and all persons who fulfil the requirements for authorship should be offered authorship. Each author must have participated sufficiently in the project to be able to take responsibility for the content of the entire article. The term ‘authorship’ refers both to sole and first authorship, and to co-authorship.