Drs. G.J. Edelman publications


Publications Drs. G.J. Edelman

PhD student
Main activities
Forensic applications of hyperspectral imaging
Focus of research

Hyperspectral imaging of the crime scene

Blood stains are important traces in forensic casework. When blood exits the human body, oxyhemoglobin auto-oxidizes into methemoglobin, which in turn denatures into hemichrome. This causes a color change, which can be measured quantitatively with visible spectroscopy. We identified blood non-destructively, using a multi-component fit of the hemoglobin derivatives. The relative amount of these derivatives gives an indication of the age.

The focus of my research is to translate the developed blood stain identification and age estimation techniques from spectroscopy to hyperspectral imaging. Using hyperspectral imaging, the optical properties of an entire crime scene can be recorded rapidly and evidence within the scene can be interpreted in its original context. We introduced the use of hyperspectral imaging to automatically detect and identify blood stains at the crime scene, and simultaneosly estimate their age.


  • Edelman GJ, Aalders MC, Photogrammetry using visible, infrared, hyperspectral and thermal imaging of crime scenes. FORENSIC SCI INT 2018;292:181-189 [PubMed]


  • Edelman G, Lopatka M, Aalders M, Objective Color Classification of Ecstasy Tablets by Hyperspectral Imaging. J FORENSIC SCI 2013;58 (4):881-886 [PubMed]


  • Edelman GJ, Gaston E, van Leeuwen TG, Cullen PJ, Aalders MCG, Hyperspectral imaging for non-contact analysis of forensic traces. FORENSIC SCI INT 2012;223 (1-3):28-39 [PubMed]
  • Edelman G, Manti V, van Ruth SM, van Leeuwen T, Aalders M, Identification and age estimation of blood stains on colored backgrounds by near infrared spectroscopy. FORENSIC SCI INT 2012;220 (1-3):239-244 [PubMed]
  • Edelman G, van Leeuwen TG, Aalders MCG, Hyperspectral imaging for the age estimation of blood stains at the crime scene. FORENSIC SCI INT 2012;223 (1-3):72-77 [PubMed]


  • Bremmer RH, Edelman G, Vegter TD, Bijvoets T, Aalders MCG, Remote spectroscopic identification of bloodstains. J FORENSIC SCI 2011;56 (6):1471-1475 [PubMed]


  • Edelman G, Alberink I, Comparison of body height estimation using bipeds or cylinders. FORENSIC SCI INT 2009;188 (1-3):64-67 [PubMed]